In 1896 Hungary celebrated the millennial anniversary of the Settlement of Magyars in the country, in the framework of which festivities were held across Hungary. There was a boom in the fields of culture, sports, press and the theater life of the country. Several entertainment and public buildings were erected in Budapest in the framework of city and infrastructure development projects. Such buildings were, for example, the Comedy Theater, Gallery of Arts and the Museum of Applied Arts. Construction work related to Andrássy Street, Grand Boulevard and Millennium Subway were finished. The peak program of the festive year was the Hungarian National Millennium Exhibition set up in City Park on nearly 520,000 square meters.

Throughout the country there were opening ceremonies, festivities, meetings, processions, parades, and unveilings of memorials for half a year, from 2nd May and 31st October 1896. The most significant events took place in the capital city of Budapest. The biggest project was the Millennium Exhibition, which had more than 5 millions visitors. The castle of Vajdahunyad in the City Park (Városliget) is a remnant of the Exhibition. At the location of its former entrance was built later the Millennium Memorial.

Though the Hungarian Parliament was not completed, the Ceremonial Hall under the 96 m tall dome – actually it is 96 m because of the date of 1896 -the first meeting of the nation was held with the participation of Emperor Franz Joseph and Queen Elizabeth. On this meeting only one act was approved: at all the important places of the events of the Conquest a memorial has to be erected. This is how later on the Millenium Monument was born. In the City Park all jobs and professions – agriculture, industry, vendors, even lawyers and architects had their own exhibition pavilion. One of the biggest sensation was the newly invented electrophone. There were places for entertaining the people too, the ‘Ancient Buda Castle’ at the place, where the Amusement Park of Budapest was later on established, imitated the copy of the medieval Buda Castle. Reminding for the Ottoman occupation of Hungary, a minaret was built next to the castle, where a real muezzin called for pray. In the zoo – representing other continents – a whole negro village was built up.

The first black and white film of the Hungarian movie’s history was prepared during the Millenium Celebrations, but it was not only very short, but some mistakes has happened too: the cameramen filmed Emperor Franz Joseph whithout his head.