The Busówalking (Busójárás), or as it is called in Croatia, the “Pohod busara” is a worldwide unique Carnival event – even part of the cultural UNESCO World Heritage.Busówalking is held in Mohács (southern part of Hungary) during every year in February.
According to the legend, the tradition goes back as far, as the Turkish invasion of Hungary, started in 1526., after the Hungarian troops lost the famous battle at Mohács. People of the city and the surrounding villages fled to the nearby swamps and started to live there. One night – the story says – when some peasants were sitting and talking around a campfire in the night, an old man appeared to them and told: “Do not be afraid, your lives turns good soon and you will return to your homes again. But also in the meantime, be prepared for the battle, make your own scary masks and clothes, carve weapons and wait. One night a masked knight will come to you, and you will know: the time is here!” And so it happened, the refugees prepared terrible masks with horns, with scary grimaces on the face of the masks, coats and huts from fur and carved special “weapons”,as wooden clappers and waited. One stormy night their leader arrived – as it was foretold – and led them to Mohács. The terrible outlook of the masked men and the scary noise of the clappers frightened the Turk so much, they left the city before sunrise.
How it was, we will never know – some people say the custom of Busówalking comes from a pagan rituale only to chase the winter. In any case, Busówalking is held since many years in Mohács, with the participation of the local people of Croatia, Serbia and Slovenia and the most colorful and unique event of the Carnival in Hungary. Nowadays it lasts six days, starting on a Thursday till the next Tuesday. For this six day there are “busó” men parading and dancing everywhere in Mohács: masquerades, gastronomical and folk music festivals held – a real “must see it” event in Hungary!